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THK Linear Motion Guide

The THK linear guide can be understood as a kind of rolling guide, which is an infinite rolling cycle between the slider and the guide rail, so that the load platform can easily move linearly along the guide rail with high precision.

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       How the THK linear guide works:


       The THK linear guide can be understood as a kind of rolling guide, which is an infinite rolling cycle

 between the steel ball and the guide rail, so that the load platform can easily move linearly along the

 guide rail with high precision and reduce the friction coefficient to the ordinary sliding. One-fifth of the

 guidance can easily achieve high positioning accuracy. The design of the end block between the slider

 and the guide rail enables the linear guide to bear the load in all directions, such as up, down, left and

 right. The patented reflow system and the simplified structural design make the linear guide of THK

 smoother and less noisy.


       Slider - Turns the motion from a curve to a straight line. The new rail system allows the machine to

 achieve fast traverse speeds. At the same spindle speed, rapid traverse is a linear guide.THK  linear guides,

 like flat guides, have two basic components; one for the fixed component and the other for the moving

 component. Since THK linear guides are standard components, for machine tool builders. The only thing

 left to do is to machine the parallelism of the plane of the mounting rail and the alignment rail. Of course,

 in order to ensure the accuracy of the machine tool, a small amount of scraping of the bed or column is

 essential, and in most cases, the installation is relatively simple. The THK guide rail as a guide is hardened

 steel, which is finely ground and placed on the mounting plane. Compared with the planar guide rail, the

 geometry of the cross section of the linear guide is more complicated than that of the flat guide. The

 reason for the complexity is that the groove needs to be machined on the guide rail to facilitate the

 movement of the sliding element. The shape and number of the groove depend on the machine tool to

 be completed. The function. For example: a rail system that withstands both linear forces and subversive

 moments, compared to rails that only accept linear forces. The design is very different.


      The basic function of the fixed element (rail) of the linear guide system is like a bearing ring, a bracket

 for mounting a steel ball, and the shape is a "v" shape. The bracket wraps around the top and sides of the

 rail. In order to support the working parts of the machine tool, a set of linear guides has at least four

 brackets. Used to support large work pieces, the number of brackets can be more than four.


      When the working part of the machine tool moves, the steel ball circulates in the groove of the

 bracket, and the wear amount of the bracket is distributed to each steel ball, thereby extending the

 service life of the linear guide. In order to eliminate the gap between the bracket and the guide rail, the

 preloading can improve the stability of the rail system and obtain the preload. An oversized steel ball is

 placed between the rail and the bracket. The steel ball has a diameter tolerance of ±20 μm, and the steel

 balls are sorted and classified into 0.5 μm increments, and are respectively mounted on the guide rails.

 The magnitude of the preload is determined by the force acting on the steel balls. If the force acting on

 the steel ball is too large and the preloading time is too long, resulting in an increase in the kinematic

 resistance of the bracket, there will be a balance problem; in order to improve the sensitivity of the

 system and reduce the motion resistance, the preload is accordingly reduced. In order to improve the

 accuracy of motion and the accuracy of accuracy, it is required to have sufficient pre-added negative 

 numbers, which is two aspects of contradiction.

    

      When the working time is too long, the steel ball begins to wear, and the preload applied to the steel

 ball begins to weaken, resulting in a decrease in the movement accuracy of the working parts of the

 machine tool. If you want to maintain the initial accuracy, you must replace the rail bracket or even

 replace the rail. If the rail system is preloaded. The accuracy of the system has been lost, the only way is to

 replace the rolling elements.


       The design of the rail system strives to maximize the contact area between the fixed component and

 the moving component. This not only improves the load carrying capacity of the system, but also the

 system can withstand the impact force generated by intermittent cutting or gravity cutting, spreading the

 force widely and expanding the bearing. The area of force. In order to achieve this, the groove system has

 a variety of groove shapes, two representative ones, one called Gothic (pointed arch), the shape is a

 semicircular extension, the contact point is the apex; the other It is a circular arc and can play the same

 role. Regardless of the type of construction, there is only one purpose, and it is intended to bring more

 rolling steel ball radii into contact with the guide rail (fixing element). The factor that determines the

 performance characteristics of the system is how the rolling elements come into contact with the rails,

 which is the key to the problem.


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